"The Congregation of the Resurrection arose out of a society in ferment in the third decade of the nineteenth century. The partitions of Poland in 1772, 1793 and 1795, the French Revolution of 1789, the Ascent of Napoleon, the Polish Insurrection of 1830 the Romantic poetry of Adam Mickiewicz and the social Catholic Revival which occurred in France, all played a part in the establishment of the Congregation."
The Congregation of the Resurrection began in France on Ash Wednesday of 1836. Bogdan Janski, Peter Semenenko, and Jerome Kajsiewicz, regarded as founders of the Congregation, were the first three members.
Bogdan Janski must be recognized as the one who planted the seed. Born of Christian parents, and educated in Catholic schools, he went on to the University of Warsaw, where he received degrees in law and economics. However, at the university he became caught up in student movements and as a result began to lose his faith. His faith was further weakened when he was granted a scholarship and was sent to study economics in France, England, and Germany. Ever the dreamer, he drifted from one social movement to another, seeking ways of establishing an ideal society. Disenchanted with various solutions that were offered to him, he finally returned to the Catholic Church. His firm conviction was that truth is to be found only in the Catholic Church and that the only real solution to social problems is to be found in the Gospels.
Janski became an apostle among Polish exiles living in France. A convert himself, he was bent on converting others. What little money he earned as a tutor and as a contributor to encyclopedic dictionaries was soon dispersed to poor Polish exiles throughout France. He was a one-man bureau offering not only material assistance, but secretarial as well.
Janski was full of ideas. His plans and projects cover many pages in his diary. A lay man himself, he was deeply committed to involving the laity in the work of the Church. Janski was a visionary with a vision as wide as the Gospel itself.
Janski knew how to look with a critical eye on the posture of the contemporary Church in relation to human society. "Present-day ecclesiastical authority is not in touch with the present time," he wrote. The Church needed updating. It would be the task of an enlightened laity, not only in Poland, but throughout the world, to dispel misconceptions about the Church. "It will be necessary to act in various closely linked ways to unite in order to introduce Christian principles into politics, education, literature, sciences, arts, industry, customs - the entire public and private life of a modern, increasingly pagan society."
Janski was also deeply committed to providing a well educated clergy to instruct and lead the people. At the time this need was sorely felt in Poland, weakened by Russian oppression. For this reason he sent two of his closest associates and protégés, Peter Semenenko and Jerome Kajsiewicz to Rome to establish closer contact with the Holy See and ultimately to found a Polish college in Rome to educate priests for Poland.
In Rome the seed of the Congregation began to blossom and bear fruit. Peter Semenenko and Jerome Kajsiewicz established a small community in Rome where they were ordained in 1842. At Mass in the Catacombs of St. Sebastian on Easter morning of that year seven members of the Roman House professed vows as religious of a community that was yet without a name. However, Divine Providence which had guided them to this moment was with them that morning, for on emerging from the catacombs they heard the bells of Roman churches announcing the Easter Alleluia, and they were moved to adopt the name of the feast: They would become the Congregation of the Resurrection.
Father Semenenko composed the preliminary Rule whose thirty-three paragraphs were an elaboration of the thought of Bogdan Janski. Father Kajsiewicz described the sentiments of the first members: "We feel the need of living in a family, bound together by spiritual ties. We desire to undertake works which require continuity and order and workers on whom we can rely. And therefore we desire to become a religious Congregation."
At a General chapter in 1850, the members set out to follow the advice of Pope Pius IX - "Organize yourselves in a way that will do the most good for the Church" - The Pope also predicted: "You all will not write a new Rule, for this is not the work of many, but the work of one, and that one must have the Spirit of God." Father Kajsiewicz was quick to admit that "The principal merit for all our work on the Rule belongs to Father Semenenko." Father Semenenko became leader and guide in matters of the Rule and of the spirit of the Congregation. He, more than anyone, formulated, elaborated, and defended the original thought of Bogdan Janski.
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